The Germans had been expecting an invasion since
1942. They knew it was coming but they could not be
sure when or, of course, where. However since they
assumed that the invaders would need harbour facilities
they began there and then gradually linked them up
along vulnerable sections of the coastline.
The work was undertaken by the Organisation Todt,
which made extensive use of slave labour and, at its
peak, the project was consuming 200,000 cubic metres
of reinforced concrete per month. When Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel took over responsibility for the defences
the pace of work increased and by the summer of 1944
there were formidable structures that the Allies would
have to deal with all along the occupied coastline.
We will be meeting them again, on 6 June 2004…
The German Plan to defeat an Allied Landing, attributed
Field-Marshal Rommel inspects the Normandy Defences.
A heavily protected German battery on the French